2.3.2 Summaries of national and multi-national approvals of
genetically engineered products
Genetically engineered products have been recently approved in
a many countries. Tables 3-10 present thorough compilations of
information pertaining to approved genetically modified crops
and other products in the United States
(Approved genetically modified crops in the United States),
the United Kingdom (Genetically engineered products approved for food use in the United Kingdom),
the European Community (Approved genetically modified crops in the European Community),
Switzerland (Approved genetically engineered food products in Switzerland),
the Netherlands (Approved 'Novel Food Products' in the Netherlands),
Canada (Approved genetically modified food crops in Canada),
Japan (Approved genetically modified crops in Japan)
and Australia (Approved genetically modified plants in Australia).
The authorisations of transgenic
food crops are listed comprehensively. Information is provided
which is relevant to the design and evaluation of nucleotide-based
detection methods such as the transgenes used, the sources of
the transgenes, the regulatory sequences used (promoters, terminators),
and data on the actual expression levels of the transgenes in
the approved products. More extensive information is available
in the respective datasheets1 (see also Box 1). Data on genetically
modified microorganisms was not available for all countries and
thus are not always described.
During preparation of this report several genetically modified
products have received approval in the EC as well as in Switzerland
and in the United Kingdom. Several applications for transgenic
plants are pending in the EC. A summary of approvals is given
in Genetically modified plants: approvals and applications worldwide).
This table also indicates applications that may be
pending; however, a definitive survey on future products is not
possible for all countries since many regulatory authorities do
not release specific information on pending applications.